Vocational education is broadly defined in the overall definition of special education as “organized educational programs that are directly related to the preparation of individuals for paid or unpaid employment, or for additional preparation for a career not requiring a baccalaureate or advanced degree.” [34 C.F.R. Sec. 300.39(b)(5).] In addition, vocational training is included within the definition of transition services. [34 C.F.R. Sec. 300.43.] Since vocational education and training may be a crucial part of a student’s transition services, they should also be a major part of the ITP planning process.
Specifically Designed Vocational Education and Career Development for individuals with disabilities may include:
- Providing prevocational programs, establishing work training programs, assisting in job placement, instructing job trainers and employers as to the unique needs of the individuals, coordinating services with the Department of Rehabilitation and other agencies;
- Coordinating and modifying the regular vocational education program;
- Assisting individuals in developing attitudes, self-confidence, and vocational competencies to locate, secure, and retain employment in the community or sheltered environment, and to enable such individuals to become participating members of the community;
- Maintaining regularly scheduled contact with all work stations and job-site trainers.
[5 C.C.R. Sec. 3051.14.]